Kudankulam plant cannot be allowed to remain idle: PM
|On Board PM's Special Aircraft, Dec 17 (PTI)|
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh today said the Kudankulam Nuclear Power plant, whose commissioning has been stalled due to protests, cannot be allowed to remain "idle" when the nation has sunk an amount of Rs 14,000 crore on the project.
Here are the health effects of nuclear power at Kudankulam:
The following comments of mine appeared in Deccan Herald on 18 Dec2011 at
Look at the report on the continuing Fukushima horror deaths at
The annual cancer death rate ball park estimates for Kudankulam are compared with those of Kaiga, Jaitapur, Gorakhpur and Kovvada in Table 1 below. We may have to contend with excess annual cancer deaths from these four nuclear parks alone of 40 Bhopals/year, a unit of Bhopal being immediate deaths wrought by the Bhopal gas disaster of about 2259.
View the figures by right clicking on the figure and opening link in new tab.
Note: The estimated number of deaths for Tamilnadu are derived as follows(See Health Effects of Nuclear Power website above): The precautionary principle is kept in mind while deriving these estimates both here and in my article cited above.
The planned nuclear plant capacity in Kudankulam is 9200 MW(2x1000,6x1200) as per 2007 NPCIL web site quoted in Wikipedia on Indian Nuclear Reactors.
The lifetime load factor is assumed at 0.8
Thus the energy capacity MW-years/year is 9200x0.8= 7360.
Radiation leak assumed 0.1 percent of annual Cs 137 isotope produced in the reactor core=3.55 Ci/MW-year.
Or Cs137 leak= 3.55 Ci/MW-y x 7360 MW-y = 26128 Ci/y
Tamilnadu 2011 population = 72138958. Area= 130058 km^2.
Intensity of Radiation mCi/y/km^2= Cs137 leak/Area km^2= (26125/130058)x 1000=
Radiation Exposure= Wholebody rads/year/person= Intensity of Radiation x 0.00066=
200.895 x 0.00066= 0.132591 rads/y/person
Tamilnadu Total Person Dose= Person Rads/year=Rads exposure x population=
0.132591 x 72138958=9564954
Dose per fatal cancer 300 Rads.
Tamilnadu number of fatal cancers per year= 9564954/300= 31883.18.
Tamilnadu Cancer Death rate due to Kudankulam Reactors of 9200 MW= 31883.18/72138958 x 100000= 44.2 per 100000 population per year.
Tamilnadu overall cancer death rate at 50% of average annual cancers is 34.66 per 100000 per year(See reference 1 below).
This is 127.5% increase due to Kudankulam, if all Kudankulam reactors were present now.
Now let us turn to the effects on nuclear workers at Kudankulam. What we may be in for.
The healthy worker effect
See my comments below:
Assuming cancer death rate among nuclear npcil employees at 50% of 54.05 or 27.025 gives a standardised mortality ratio(SMR) with reference to Tamilnadu of 77.98221. Assuming healthy worker effect as given in the reference
http://www.llrc.org/health/healthframes.htm(See link above)
of an SMR of 57%, this represents an excess cancer SMR of 36.81% of Tamilnadu cancer death rate of 34.66/100000 per year! This is an excess cancer death rate in Tamilnadu of 12.76/100000/year! Thus the cancer death rate among NPCIL staff becomes 47.41/100000 per year or greater than my estimate for the general population of Tamilnadu of 44.2/100000/year or 31883 cancer deaths per year! See my estimates here (at
Note that the official estimates are based on the ICRP risk model for external irradiation which is not science, in fact pre DNA witchcraft(ECRR 2003). Internal irradiation risk is more than an order of magnitude higher. I would fervently support the general public's resistance against nuclear power plants based on science.
1.p72ff: THE NATIONAL MEDICAL JOURNAL OF INDIA VOL. 24, NO. 2, 2011
Division of Epidemiology and Cancer Registry, Cancer Institute (WIA),
Chennai 600036, Tamil Nadu, India
R. SWAMINATHAN, V. SHANTA, S. BALASUBRAMANIAN
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon 69008, France
J. FERLAY, F. BRAY, R. SANKARANARAYANAN
Correspondence to R. SWAMINATHAN; email@example.com
Trends in cancer incidence in Chennai city (1982–2006)
and statewide predictions of future burden in
Tamil Nadu (2007–16)
R. SWAMINATHAN, V. SHANTA, J. FERLAY, S. BALASUBRAMANIAN, F. BRAY,
ECRR 2003. Health Effects of Ionising Radiation Exposure at Low Doses for Radiation Protection Purposes.2003(2010) recommendations of the European Committee on Radiation Risk. Ed C.Busby etal. Green Audit.p 10.p12.